Class Terminology

A list of terms commonly used in a karate dojo

Counting   KUMITE – Sparring
Ichi One   Go-hon Kumite 5 step sparring
Ni Two   San-bon Kumite 3 step sparring
San Three   Kihon-ippon Kumite Basic 1 step sparring
Shi Four   Jiyu-ippon Kumite Semi-free one-blow
Go Five   Jiyu Kumite Free sparring
Roku Six   Jodan Warning of attack to upper level
Shichi Seven   Chudan Warning of attack to middle level
Hachi Eight      
Ku Nine      
Ju Ten      
     
GENERAL TERMS   DACHI – Stances
Ashi barai Foot sweep   Fudo/Sochin Dachi Rooted Stance
Dogi Karate uniform   Fumi Dachi Stamping Stance (Front stance with back leg fully extended)
Dojo Taining room   Hachiji Dachi (Yoi) Open Leg Stance
Dojo kun Dojo rules   Hangetsu Dachi Half Moon Stance
Embusen Performance line   Heiko Dachi Parallel Stance
Gasshuku Lodging together   Heisoku Dachi Informal Attention Stance (Feet Together)
Gedan Lower level   Kiba Dachi Straddle Leg Stance
Gedan barai Lower level sweep   Kokutsu Dachi Back Stance
Gyaku hanmi Reverse half front facing   Kosa Dachi Cross Leg Stance
Hanmi Half front facing   Neko Ashi Dachi Cat Leg Stance
Hidari Left   Musubi Dachi Informal Attention Stance (Feet turned out)
Hiki te Pulling hand   Renoji Dachi L-Stance
Hiza Knee   Sanchin Dachi Hour Glass Stance
Jodan Upper level   Shiko Dachi Square Stance
Kakato Heel   Teiji Dachi T-Stance
Kamaete Go into position   Uchi Hachiji Dachi Inverted Open Leg Stance
Karate-ka Karate practitioner   Zenkutsu Dachi Front Stance
Kata Forms      
Ken Fist   ZUKI WAZA – Punching Techniques
Kiai Shout of spirit   Age Zuki Rising Punch (Empi)
Kihon Basic training   Choku Zuki Straight Punch
Kime Focus, finish   Chudan Zuki Stomach Level Punch
Koshi Ball of foot   Gyaku Zuki Reverse Punch
Ma-ai Distance   Heiko Zuki (Morote) Parallel Punch
Mae Forward   Jodan Zuki Face Level Punch
Makiwara Punching board   Kagi Zuki Hook Punch (Tekki Sho-dan)
Mawatte Turn   Kizami Zuki Jabbing Punch
Migi Right   Mawashi Zuki Roundhouse Punch
Mokuso Meditation   Morote Zuki Two Hand Punch (Parallel or one on top of other)
Morote Two handed   Tate Zuki Vertical Punch
Naore Return to starting position   Oi Zuki Lunge Punch
Naote Relax   Ura Zuki Close Punch
Nukite Spear hand   Yama Zuki Wide U Punch
Otagai ni rei Bow to each other      
Rei Bow   GERI WAZA – Kicking techniques
Seiken Fore fist   Fumikomi Stamping Kick
Seiza Sit straight (on heels)   Hiza Geri Knee Kick
Sempai Senior   Kakato Geri Heel Kick
Sensei Teacher, instructor   Mae Geri Front Kick
Shizentai Natural position   Mae Tobi Geri Front Jump Kick
Shomen ni rei Bow to front   Mawashi Geri Roundhouse Kick
Sokuto Foot edge   Mikazuki Geri Crescent Kick
Tate Vertical   Nami Gaeshi Returning Wave Kick (Tekki Shodan)
Te Hand   Nidan Geri Two front kicks (Back leg first)
Teisho Palm heel   Yoko Geri Keage Side Snap Kick
Uraken Back fist   Yoko Geri Kekomi Side Thrust Kick
Ushiro Backward   Yoko Tobi Geri Side Jump Kick
Waza Technique   Ushiro Geri Back Kick
Yame Stop   Ushiro Mawashi Geri Spinning Back Roundhouse Kick
Yoi Ready, prepare      
Yoko Sideways      
Zanshin Remaining spirit      
         
UKE WAZA – Blocking Techniques   ATE WAZA – Smashing Techniques
Age Uki Rising Block   Hiji Ate Elbow Smash
Gedan Barai Downward Block   Hiza Ate Knee Smash
Gassho Uke Block with Palm Heels Together (Hangetsu)      
Hiji Uke Elbow Block (Heian Sandan)   UCHI WAZA – Striking Techniques
Juji Uke X Block (H. Yondan/Godan)   Empi Uchi Elbow Strike
Kake Uke Hook Block (Tekki Shodan)   Haito Uchi Ridge Hand Strike
Kakiwake Uke Reverse Wedge Block (Heian Yondan)   Kentsui Uchi Hammerfist Strike (Shutsui – Hammer Hand, Tetsui – Iron Hammer)
Morote Uke Augmented Forearm Block   Shuto Uchi Sword Hand Strike
Nagashi Uke Sweeping Block (T. Shodan)   Tate Empi Uche Upward Elbow Strike
Osae Uke Pressing Block (Heian Nidan and Sandan)   Teisho Uchi Palm Heel Strike
Shuto Uke Sword Hand Block   Uraken Uchi Backfist Strike
Soto Ude Uke Outside Inward Forearm Block   Ushiro Empi Uch Back Elbow Strike
Tate Uke Vertical Block (Bassai-Dai and Kanku-Dai)   Yoko Empi Uchi Side Elbow Strike
Teisho Uke Palm Heel Block (Jion)      
Tsukami Uke Grasping Block (Tekki Nidan and Tekki Sandan)      
Uchi Ude Uke Inside Outward Forearm Block      
Yoko Uke Side Block (Heian Nidan and Heian Yondan)